Award the Nobel Peace Prize to Liu Xiaobo

first_img News China: Political commentator sentenced to eight months in prison Organisation Receive email alerts I am here to urge your support of this year’s Nobel Peace Prize being bestowed upon the founder of China’s Charter 08, Liu Xiaobo.In spite of Liu Xiaobo’s many friends and supporters, I came to know him quite late, and we first met personally only a few years ago. In the mid-1980s, when Liu Xiaobo rose to prominence within the literary world, I was a visiting research fellow at Oxford, and became familiar with his ideas through Chinese periodicals published overseas. Contrary to the view held by many, what brought Liu such attention at the time wasn’t merely the sharpness of his writing or his pointed critiques, but also how thorough he was in his thinking and how much more influential his criticisms were of mainstream ideology and dogma in China than those of other intellectuals.Throughout the student-led democracy movement of 1989, I had the opportunity to observe Liu Xiaobo. He had been lecturing abroad for quite some time, but when signs of suppression began to appear and others began making arrangements to flee overseas, Liu Xiaobo instead chose to discontinue his academic pursuits and return to Beijing to immerse himself in the struggle for democracy. On the nights of June 3rd and 4th, I was in Tiananmen Square, not far from the Monument to the People’s Heroes. Liu Xiaobo, along with three other intellectuals, was taking part in the student hunger strike; it was they, who, on the early morning of the 4th, convinced the students to peacefully evacuate the Square and begin discussion with the soldiers suppressing them, negotiating a smooth withdrawal. I remember clearly the difficulty and pain Liu Xiaobo and his comrades-in-arms— raised as they had been with the most radical type of an education — experienced in reaching this decision, one which only later was understood to have saved the lives of several hundred students.Liu Xiaobo’s involvement in the 1989 democracy movement illustrates his transformation from an eminent cultural critic to public intellectual concerned with social and political problems and human rights activist. His activities in 1989 can be seen as formative in the entirety of his following writings and other works, characterized by an unwavering bravery and refusal to back down in the face of danger and suppression, by the pursuit and defense of human rights, humanism, peace and other universal values and, finally, adherence to the practice of rational dialogue, compromise and non-violence.For many years, Liu Xiaobo has been the most representative figure and foremost organizer in mainland China’s struggle for human rights and democracy. He has been at the forefront of protests made in support of writers and intellectuals imprisoned for their work, in appeals made for farmers and urban residents deprived of land and home, in advocating for protection of the religious and cultural rights of ethnic minorities in Tibet and Xinjiang, and in fostering constructive dialogue toward seeing peaceful coexistence between Han and all ethnic minorities. In a series of protests aimed at upholding the fundamental rights of all Chinese citizens, Liu Xiaobo placed consistent emphasis on the fact that the rights and freedoms of all Chinese citizens are protected both by the Chinese constitution and in law, as well as a series of United Nations and international declarations and covenants signed by the Chinese government which safeguard human and civil rights. Liu placed particular emphasis on seeing the Chinese government’s obligation and responsibility to abide by its own constitution and laws as well as international covenants as commitments to both the Chinese people and the international community.In launching and signing Charter 08 in 2008, Liu Xiaobo’s intent was to reaffirm, with the Chinese government already recognizing the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and having signed the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, that these are the norms with regard to interaction between the Chinese people and the Chinese government: to be a qualified and responsible member of the international community would require China to adopt the universal values embodied within these two documents. For this, Liu Xiaobo was imprisoned, his third arrest as a result of striving for freedom and democracy in China. On Christmas Day, 2009, Liu Xiaobo was sentenced to 11 years in prison. In his final statement to the court, Liu Xiaobo said that he had neither enemies nor hate; to those who kept him under surveillance and arrested him, to the police who interrogated him and to the public attorneys who prosecuted and judge who sentenced him, the message Liu Xiaobo felt it most important to convey was that despite their various roles leading to his imprisonment, he considered none of them his enemy. As a political theorist and public intellectual also concerned with social and political problems and the defense of human rights, as well as a signatory to Charter 08, I strongly feel the need to point out that in the judgment read by the court which sentenced Liu Xiaobo, evidence cited to prove Liu’s guilt included his participation in Charter 08, that he collected signatures for it, and even the content of the Charter itself—naked provocation of the universal values held by humankind, common norms held by the international community, and especially of the Chinese people themselves.As I see it, the Nobel Peace Prize both embodies and represents the core values of civilized society: respect for life and faith, the sanctity of the individual and the right to express one’s self. Given that Liu Xiaobo and many others signatories of Charter 08 have faced persecution and oppression merely for reaffirming these values, the blatant challenge they face behooves a response from the civilized world; to bestow the Nobel Peace Prize upon Liu Xiaobo is one of the strongest responses which could be sent. This would, clearly and unambiguously, reaffirm the values held most dearly by humankind, serve as monumental support for the struggle for the freedom and democracy which China’s 1.3 billion people lack, and would mark a major step in defense of world peace. Chinese authorities are able to destroy this country’s constitution and trample upon its laws wantonly, which is why external voices, voices from the international community, are needed to make Chinese authorities pay heed. Bestowing the Nobel Peace Prize upon Liu Xiaobo would serve as indirect opposition to the current state of affairs, as well as a both authoritative and effective signal.Liu Xiaobo’s ideas and actions, in my view, are entirely congruous to the actions and ideas held by His Holiness the Dalai Lama, Archbishop emeritus Desmond Tutu and Aung San Suu Kyi; all have endeavored to use tactics of non-violence in effecting gradual change, of persuasion and compromise in upholding human rights and in making the transition toward a peaceful society. With protest movements now taking place all across China within every community and at every level, it is imperative we remain vigilant in preventing violent trends from taking hold. Awarding Liu Xiaobo the Nobel Peace Prize would have just such an effect: people struggling for human rights in China and around the world would find hope and strength in rational, non-violent resistance, and see anew the possibility of putting violence and authoritarian rule where they both belong—in the past and behind us all.Cordially Yours,Xu YouyuPhilosopher and professor with the Chinese Academy of Social SciencesHolder of the Olof Palme Chair, Sweden, 2001-2002 ChinaAsia – Pacific April 27, 2021 Find out more Reporters Without Borders is circulating an open letter from Chinese philosopher Xu Youxu calling for imprisoned intellectual Liu Xiaobo, one of the authors of the Charter 08 pro-democracy manifesto, to be awarded this year’s Nobel Peace Prize. Reporters Without Borders supports his call. Norway’s Nobel Committee is due to announce the winner on 8 October. June 2, 2021 Find out more Follow the news on China News to go further Help by sharing this information September 28, 2010 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Award the Nobel Peace Prize to Liu Xiaobo News China’s Cyber ​​Censorship Figures Democracies need “reciprocity mechanism” to combat propaganda by authoritarian regimes RSF_en News ChinaAsia – Pacific March 12, 2021 Find out morelast_img read more

Annenberg showcases Adobe Creative Cloud

first_imgThe event was one of several during “Adobe Days” at Annenberg this week. “Adobe Days” began with a discussion and presentation on Nov. 11 by SoulPancake, a Los Angeles-based startup known primarily for its YouTube channel. The discussion presented Adobe Creative Cloud and all of the new features and web programs associated with it.The Adobe representatives spoke of hardware requirements and recommendations for running Adobe software.“Today’s standard is 8 gigabytes of RAM. Memory is really important,” said Sebastian DiStefano, a business development manager of video products for higher education at Adobe. “Using a solid state drive will make your computer and Adobe software run blazingly fast.”Adobe representatives also spoke of USC-specific features such as the tutorials for all the programs in the Adobe Suite on Lynda.com, a free service for all USC students and faculty accessible from the USC Information Technology Services website.Representatives emphasized the integration between various Adobe programs that allow nearly seamless editing between each program in the Adobe Creative Cloud. “You don’t work in siloed environments anymore,” DiStefano said. “You work in applications that communicate with each other.”The event also showcased Behance, an online platform and community that is integrated with Creative Cloud and that serves as a place for artists and designers to showcase portfolios.Students said they appreciated the tutorial events on the new software.“It’s nice that Annenberg is hosting this event and really cool that Adobe could come over to show us all these new features,” said Gabrielle Nguyen Hurst, a freshman majoring in interactive entertainment.The “Think and Drinks” workshop showed students and faculty some of the new features that were recently added to the Adobe Creative Cloud. More than 150 updates were added to the Adobe software suite on Halloween. DiStefano demonstrated how to edit videos using Photoshop, how to create interactive documents with InDesign and how to use the spot healing tool to edit out unwanted sounds in Audition using the spectral audio view. He also demonstrated how Adobe had added audio codecs for YouTube and Vimeo to Photoshop and Premiere Pro, which contained metadata that ensured the video sharing sites did not recode the video format, resulting in faster upload times and a better, more realistic editing software.“I like the new features and like being able to save to the cloud,” said Sherveen Uduwana, a freshman majoring in interactive entertainment. “It’s very interesting and it’s awesome that students get Creative Cloud and somebody to teach them how to use it as well.”Faculty and students also enjoyed refreshments from the future Annenberg Café that will be housed in the Wallis Annenberg Hall, which is currently under construction.“Overall, I’m excited that Annenberg is embarking on the path they are. Providing their students with these creative tools is phenomenal,” DiStefano said. “It’s very unique, and there are not a lot of universities that are doing this. I think that providing it as a free tool for the students is going to drop down that barrier of access so that anyone who wants to be creative has access to these amazing, professional tools.” Follow us on Twitter @dailytrojan The USC Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism hosted “Adobe Days: Think and Drinks Introduction to the Adobe Creative Cloud” on Tuesday. Several Adobe officials spoke with students and faculty about the new features in the new subscription service that offers all Adobe software to users.Tech savvy · Sebastian Distefano, a business development manager for higher education at Adobe, discusses various features of Adobe Creative Cloud. – Ralf Cheung | Daily Trojanlast_img read more