No Raises for Civil Servants in 2017 Budget?

first_imgJoint Budget Chairman Prince Moye, Acting Co-chairman Henry Yallah and Sen. Morris SaytumahBy Leroy M. Sonpon, IIIThere are strong indications that the over 300,000 civil servants (government workers) will not enjoy the closing months of the Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf led government because no provisions are apparent for new minimum wage and salary increments in the 2017/2018 National Draft Budget.The Daily Observer has reliably learnt that with three days to the expected passage of the budget, the Joint Committee on Ways, Means, Finance and Budget has not determined whether there will be any increments in salaries. The last increment for civil servants during this administration was in the 2012/2013 Fiscal Year when US$25 was added to civil servants’ pay.The least salary for a civil servant at the lowest grade is about L$9,000.A member of the Joint Legislative Committee said: “I don’t think we should be talking about salary increment. What we should be talking about is infrastructure development – constructing roads, building a resilient health system and tackling our messy education (system).”The 2017/2018 Draft Budget is US$526.6 million which reflects 12.3 % reduction from the US$600.2 million approved for FY 2016/2017, and a 3.5% decrease at the end of year forecast of US$545.5 million.In the draft budget, the expenditure portfolio consists of two major segments. One is the recurrent investment plan (PSIP) of US$27.5 million which is 5.2 percent.The major component of the expenditure for FY2017/18 includes US$31 million for liabilities (debt services), US$10 million for payment of domestic liabilities (debt) principal and interests and US$20.2 million for the payment of foreign liabilities, principal, and interest.Also in the draft budget, US$19.8 million is to conduct the October 2017 Presidential and legislative elections, US$296 million for compensation of employees, US$ 81.1 million for goods and services, including supplies for education and health.The draft budget also has in it US$3.4 million in subsidies to non-governmental service delivery entities and US$60.3 million in grants to government service delivery entities.Making the presentation of the Draft Budget to House Speaker J. Emmanuel Nuquay, Acting Finance Minister Tanneh Brumson said the Ministry would apply fiscal measures to control expenditure to demonstrate to partners, the government’s commitment to priorities before attracting their support.Madam Brumson stated that Liberia’s economy, like most in the world, is experiencing some turbulence due in large part to the global economic downturn.“We are confident that our economy will withstand the tests of the moment and is highly poised to come out stronger than before,” said Brumson.“This will not happen by chance. We will have to make tough decisions in both the short and medium terms, not only within the executive but also in the legislative and judicial branches of government,” Brumson cautioned.However, with the number of requests from institutions about budget increments for operations, including the Liberia National Police (LNP), the University of Liberia, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs among others, an increment in salaries of civil servants appears unlikely.The revenue component of the 2017/2018 Budget was under scrutiny by the Joint Committee of the House of Representatives and the Senate June 5 thru 9; and the expenditure component ran from June 12 thru19.The budget is in Committee room for a conclusion before presentation to both Houses’ plenary for enactment.The national budget covers July to June of every year.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Malunga follows the music

first_imgA classically trained pianist and cellist who has put in years as an entertainment lawyer, Unathi Malunga is adding new notes to her score. She is studying orchestral conducting, and plans to be the first black African woman to conduct a professional orchestra. Unathi Malunga found success as an entertainment lawyer, now she is working to be one of a handful of women orchestral conductors. (Image: Gavin van Haght) • Art helps children paint a better future• Bringing music to the youth• The joy of music reigns in Kinshasa’s veins • Luthando Jackson is a mini music maestro• A Pretty amazing talent Sulaiman PhilipThere is a photograph of Unathi Malunga, taken on a plane, the score of the Magic Flute open in the cramped space between rows of seats. She is conducting an orchestra only she can hear. It captures so much of who she is: committed, enthusiastic, passionate and engaged, but most of all, a dreamer.Her laugh is musical, charming and self-effacing. “It’s a skill a conductor needs,” she says, “to be able to read the music notes, musical line and know what it will sound like. I can hear the music when I read a score. I can auralise it, hear the whole orchestra in my head.”Malunga will become the first black African woman to complete the orchestral conducting course at Stellenbosch University. She is on track to become one of the few female conductors and, as far as we know, the first black woman to join the ranks of professional orchestral conductors.Conducting an orchestra is about leading a team. It is the art of combining the interpretation and experience of many musicians, guiding that diversity to create a single harmonised experience. “What turns a score into a performance is not the notes. It’s the shaping of the notes. Do you want to highlight the call and answer between the flute and the clarinet? The musicians can play the notes; it’s the conductor who has a vision of how a particular performance should be interpreted, how to make it beautiful. It’s about that team making the music.”Her personal story is a compelling one. In front of our bedroom mirrors is where most people’s musical dreams begin. It is also where they usually fade. Not for Malunga, whose mother chose the schools she attended based on their ability to nurture her musical ambitions. She is a classically trained cellist and pianist, but she found success as an entertainment lawyer before answering the call to return to music.Malunga began playing classical piano at six, the cello a little later, and knew early on that classical orchestral music was always going to be an important part of her life. “I love the way instruments blend together. I love the way composers blend instruments. I just love the sound those instruments make.”It was always in her, this love of classical music. And she says it has everything to do with being exposed to it from an early age, and the way that the music is able to touch on eternal themes such as love, friendship and tragedy.She – and she laughs as she says it – bought into the myth of the starving artist. After finishing matric (with two music subjects, subject music and cello performance) she chose to study law at Rhodes. “I’m ashamed to say I bought into the starving artist myth. I chose law and entertainment law was the perfect way of blending the two.”Despite success as a lawyer – she worked on the opening and closing ceremony of the 2010 World Cup, on the African Union 50th celebrations and the movie Blood Diamond– she was beginning to find music more compelling than the law, a score more interesting than a statute. Music, she says, is visceral. You can touch the emotion.Something was missing from her life. “My friends were saying it was babies and I would say ‘No, it’s not that.’ It was music that was missing in my life. That was the call that was growing stronger every day.”Malunga went back to Rhodes to study music education and to retrain what she calls her ear, although she points out that she did not retrain her ear at Rhodes. “I’m retraining my ear now at Stellenbosch.” It is a most important tool for any musician. One of her electives was conducting, which is when her path became clear.She wants to be the first black African woman to conduct a professional orchestra, but would be just as pleased if another stole a march on her. She speaks passionately about widening the audience for classical music, about diversifying the voices and widening the conversation about its place in society. She wants to prove it’s not an exclusive, restricted club.She mentions a recent, well-supported performance by renowned soprano Pretty Yende sponsored by Wiphold (Women’s Investment Portfolio Holdings Limited), the many orchestral programmes run in townships and the classical music heritage of some black families such as the Nkuna and Masote families. There have always been black people who have loved classical music.“I mentor young black women as an entertainment lawyer – not past tense! I still am one – women who now have someone to show them the way. I have seen the hunger. I have seen what it means to have someone show you it’s possible. So if I am the first black African woman conductor, great; if not, at least my journey, and it has been a painful personal journey, shows other women it is possible.”One day, Malunga hopes she will get to conduct all the Beethoven symphonies – there are nine of them and just over six hours of music. Along the way she will discover new composers and be reminded old favourites. She will still continue to jive to kwaito or Motown, but it’s not the kind of music that really moves her. Asked whether she “sees the music” when listening to other genres, she answers: “I don’t see the music; I just feel the beat. It doesn’t get into my soul. It has purely entertainment value for me.”Not like orchestral music. When they fly, when they take off together, an orchestra is truly moving. “I had to make choices when I was growing up. While my friends played, I practised. As a child it’s difficult to see the end result of that sacrifice, but I see it now. And I wouldn’t change anything.”last_img read more

Three young Ohio sheep farmers receive scholarships

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Nick Fowler (Guernsey Co.) was awarded a $1,500 scholarship for the first annual Dr. Jack Judy Memorial Scholarship and Jacob Wenner (Delaware Co.) was awarded a $1,000 Ralph Grimshaw Memorial Scholarship at the 2016 Ohio State Fair.  Delanie Wiseman (Madison Co.) received a third scholarship for $500 awarded through the Ralph H. Grimshaw Memorial Scholarship Fund.Fowler is a junior at the Ohio State University and Wenner is a freshman at the University of Wisconsin. Wiseman is a senior at the Ohio State University.The Ralph Grimshaw Memorial Scholarship is sponsored by the Ohio Sheep Improvement Association and is awarded annually to at least one young sheep producer. Funds for this scholarship come from the Buckeye Shepherd’s Symposium and Ohio State Fair silent auctions and from private donations.The Dr. Jack Judy Memorial Scholarship is also sponsored by the Ohio Sheep Improvement Association in coordination with the Ohio Farm Bureau Foundation.Please attend the Buckeye Shepherd’s Symposium and support the silent auction which supports young people in the sheep industry. Congratulations Nick, Jacob and Delanie.last_img read more

Golovkin, Alvarez make weight for blockbuster fight

first_imgDon’t miss out on the latest news and information. Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC WATCH: Streetboys show off slick dance moves in Vhong Navarro’s wedding Signature move Alvarez, who was the more stonefaced of the two, sent the crowd into a frenzy as he shadowboxed briefly at the front of the stage — his new signature weigh-in move.Hundreds of people stood on line for hours outside the Grand Garden for the chance to see the weigh-in, chanting and signing along with a neatly-attired Mariachi band.For many, it represented their only hope of seeing either fighter in the flesh as the bout has been sold out for weeks.Las Vegas construction worker Harvey Hernandez attended the weigh-in with his friend Roger Ramirez and said Alvarez has a better boxing style.“I am picking Canelo,” the 26-year-old said. “He is better than Triple G. He is going to outclass him and he is from Mexico.“It won’t go the distance. He is going to get knocked out or he will knock Golovkin out.”READ: Alvarez promises fireworks for Golovkin boutSaid El-Tahan flew all the way from Sweden to watch the fight and says Golovkin must avoid having the decision in the hands of the judges.“Golovkin will win,” said the Malmo police officer. “He is a great fighter and a strong puncher. Frontrow holds fun run to raise funds for young cancer patients  MOST READ Boxer Canelo Alvarez (L) and WBC, WBA and IBF middleweight champion Gennady Golovkin pose during their official weigh-in at MGM Grand Garden Arena on September 15, 2017 in Las Vegas, Nevada. Golovkin will defend his titles against Alvarez at T-Mobile Arena on September 16 in Las Vegas. AFP/GETTY IMAGESLAS VEGAS—Canelo Alvarez and Gennady Golovkin stepped on the scales at the MGM Grand Garden Arena then came face-to-face for the cameras on Friday (Saturday, Manila), one day before they meet in one of the most anticipated fights in years.Three-belt Champion Golovkin wore black shorts and smiled as he stepped on the scale first weighing the 160-pound (72.5 kg) middleweight limit for Saturday’s world title fight against Alvarez at the T-Mobile Arena.ADVERTISEMENT Onyok Velasco see bright future for PH boxing in Olympics PLAY LIST 00:45Onyok Velasco see bright future for PH boxing in Olympics05:25PH boxing team determined to deliver gold medals for PH00:50Trending Articles01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games Nonong Araneta re-elected as PFF president Fire hits houses in Mandaluyong City BSP sees higher prices in November, but expects stronger peso, low rice costs to put up fightcenter_img E.T. returns to earth, reunites with grown-up Elliott in new ad  Kazakhstan’s Golovkin is putting his World Boxing Council, World Boxing Association and International Boxing Federation, belts on the line but to the uninitiated it might have seemed more like Alvarez was the champ.Alvarez drew louder cheers from the pro-Mexican crowd, stepped on the scale last and made Golovkin wait several minutes on stage before making his initial appearance, which was preceded by a video tribute on the jumbotron screen.The fighters, who once sparred together at Golovkin’s gym in Big Bear, California, then posed amicably during their staredown in front of a crowd of 9,400.That has been consistent with the buildup to the sold-out fight, which has lacked the vitriolic trash talk typical of world title fights.“See you tomorrow. I have been champion a long time. This is boxing and I am a very true guy,” said Golovkin, who goes by the nickname ‘Triple G’ on Friday.ADVERTISEMENT “It won’t go 12 rounds so he must finish him off. If it goes to the judges Golovkin won’t get a fair decision.”Phoenix’s Lorenzo Ventura, 29, said he put a lot of thought into who will win Saturday’s bout which many feel could be the start of a the latest boxing trilogy.“Canelo is going to tire out around the fifth or sixth round,” said Ventura, a part-time boxer, as he headed to his seat in the Garden arena. “Triple G is going to establish his jab and is going to finish him in the 11th round.“When you study both fighters and you see Canelo consistently tire out in the fifth or sixth round fighting smaller men and now he is going to come up in weight class and knock out the most dangerous fighter in that weight class.“The dude (Golovkin) has proven himself over and over again. Jabs win fights. Golovkin lands more jabs accurately than any other fighter in the game. It is that simple.” LATEST STORIES Lyceum rallies to keep slate clean Alvarez was up next, climbing onto the scales in his blue shorts and registering the same 160 pounds for a bout that has all the ingredients to produce a fight of the year.READ: Alvarez, Golovkin seek their places in boxing historyFEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“I am very happy for all the love and support of these fans,” Alvarez told the crowd. “I am going to give them 100 percent. I trained hard and I am disciplined.“I take all this responsibility seriously and I am going to give them a great fight.” LOOK: Loisa Andalio, Ronnie Alonte unwind in Amanpulo for 3rd anniversary Read Next View commentslast_img read more

7 days agoLiverpool, Chelsea eyeing Bournemouth midfielder Lewis Cook

first_imgLiverpool, Chelsea eyeing Bournemouth midfielder Lewis Cookby Paul Vegas7 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveLiverpool and Chelsea are eyeing Bournemouth midfielder Lewis Cook.The 22-year-old returned to action last month having been sidelined since December with knee-ligament damage.The Daily Mail says Liverpool and Chelsea have identified the former Leeds star as a target, should he prove his form and fitness this season.They’re both said to be in the market for the best of emerging English talent and Cook’s high energy style in the middle of the park is thought to be the attraction.He has even been likened to Liverpool’s Jordan Henderson given his running, passing ability and leadership qualities. TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

Samantha Prahalis hopes to rise with Mercury

During four years at Ohio State, point guard Samantha Prahalis earned her place in the record books of women’s basketball. On April 16, Prahalis received the opportunity to continue her stardom at the professional level when she was drafted by the Phoenix Mercury with the No. 6-overall pick in the 2012 WNBA Draft. Prahalis set Big Ten conference and OSU school records with 901 assists over her four-year career. She ranks fourth on the Buckeyes’ all-time scoring list with 2,010 points, and was only the second player in Division I women’s basketball history with at least 2,000 career points and 900 career assists. She was also named the 2012 Big Ten Player of the Year, and was a first-team USBWA All-American. Prahalis said making it to the WNBA has been a goal of hers since she “got serious about basketball in high school.” “To get drafted, and just to be in the room and get your name called and hold the jersey up with the commissioner,” Prahalis said. “It was just cool. It’s reaching a dream.” Prahalis said she was “super excited” to be drafted by the Mercury and thinks her new team is the right fit for her. “They’re a fast-paced team, they’re up-tempo,” Prahalis noted. “So I think that fits me perfectly.” Mercury coach and general manager Corey Gaines said he was in attendance for Prahalis’ final home game on Feb. 23, when she set the OSU single-game scoring record with 42 points in a victory against Minnesota. Gaines said he believes the system his team runs will suit Prahalis well. “The way she plays, she makes other people better,” Gaines said. “I think she’ll flourish, I think she’ll be one of those players to leave college and expand her game to a better style.” Prahalis joined Jessica Davenport, who was selected second overall in 2007, and Jantel Lavender, selected fifth overall in 2011, as the third OSU alum to be a WNBA first-round draft pick. Prahalis also became the seventh player to be drafted from OSU under Jim Foster’s tenure as head coach. Foster began coaching the Buckeyes in 2002. Prahalis gave credit to Foster in helping her get to the WNBA. “I am confident in the way coach Foster prepared me for the league,” Prahalis said. “He really taught me to deal with different situations.” Like Gaines, Foster also said he thinks playing for the Phoenix Mercury will be a “great fit” for Prahalis. “I think that she’s going to a very transition-oriented team, and that by far is her strength,” Foster said. Prahalis joins a roster that features Diana Taurasi, who has led the WNBA in scoring for the past four consecutive seasons. Gaines said he believes adding Prahalis to a talented roster will make her better. “She has good players to pass to,” Gaines said. “So it should improve her game, and also make her game a little easier for her playing in our league.” Gaines said he hopes Prahalis is ready to start at point guard this season but also recognizes that the transition from OSU to the Mercury will be challenging. “It’s going to be a drastic change for her,” Gaines said. “It’s probably going to go against everything she’s learned or been taught before. And I’m not saying what she’s been taught before is wrong. It’s just that we teach things a little differently, and it’s a different style of game.” Prahalis said she felt her personality was sometimes misunderstood, but hopes WNBA players and fans will be more accepting. “I think in college, I was kind of scrutinized because I was being me,” Prahalis said. “So hopefully the WNBA has a little bit of a more open mind.” Prahalis also said she hopes OSU basketball fans will remain interested in her WNBA career. “I hope the fans from OSU will come over to WNBA and continue to support me,” Prahalis said. “They believed in me, all my flashiness, my style, my competitiveness, so I hope they just continue to follow me.” read more

Ohio State mens hockey seeks revenge against Bowling Green

Freshman goalie Matt Tomkins (31) and senior forward Travis Statchuk (12) celebrate during a game against Robert Morris Oct. 25 at the Schottenstein Center. OSU won, 5-3.Credit: Julia Hider / Lantern photographerComing off the momentum from a two-game sweep of Robert Morris over the weekend, the Ohio State men’s ice hockey team is looking forward to a rematch against Bowling Green.The Falcons (2-1-2) and Buckeyes (2-3-0) meet Tuesday after BGSU managed to edge OSU, 4-3, when the two teams met Oct. 15 in Bowling Green for the non-conference matchup. The loss was part of an 0-3-0 start for OSU.Coach Steve Rohlik said despite the recent victories, the Buckeyes have areas in which they could improve.“We’ve got to work on our discipline and we’ve got to stay out of the box and special teams,” Rohlik said in a postgame interview Friday.Senior forward Travis Statchuk agreed, adding the season is still young and the team has a long way to go.“It’s a long year and it’s early … we’ve got some things to work on and want to get better every day,” Statchuk said Friday.This time, OSU has home-ice advantage, and is looking to extend its winning streak to three games and grab a .500 overall record.The Buckeyes led the Oct. 15 game after two periods of the teams’ first bout, but the Falcons managed to put two unanswered goals in the back of the net early in the third period to secure a victory.Junior forward Max McCormick said Oct. 14 Bowling Green and OSU are “hard-nosed” and that the Oct. 15 matchup was going to be a battle. The same holds true for Tuesday.Freshman goalie Matt Tomkins, who started the season on the bench behind sophomore goalie Collin Olson, was brought in to take Olson’s place less than three minutes into the first match against Robert Morris. Tomkins recorded 26 saves against the Colonials to earn his first career win, and then followed it up with a 21-save victory the following night.Rohlik was impressed with the young goalie’s performance against the Colonials.“Well, I did think (Tomkins) did give a good effort all the way through. They got one on a power play (Friday) but that’s why it’s a team effort,” Rohlik said. “This doesn’t fall on (Olson), it wasn’t his night to start and that’s why you have two goalies dressed. (Tomkins) came in and did the job that they’re both capable of doing.”The Buckeyes are slated to take on the Falcons in the second game of the home-and-home series Tuesday at the Schottenstein Center, and the puck is set to drop at 7:05 p.m. read more

Missing 3yearold boy in Linda Vista found after intensive fivehour search

first_img Categories: Local San Diego News FacebookTwitter Updated: 7:59 PM Posted: October 9, 2018 Missing 3-year-old boy in Linda Vista found after intensive five-hour search October 9, 2018 , KUSI Newsroom , KUSI Newsroom, **UPDATE** Thank you to everyone for their help. Kevin Serrano has been safely located.— San Diego Police Department (@SanDiegoPD) October 9, 2018After initial police investigations, officials have determined Maria Flores provided police with false information on her son’s welfare. According to the latest press release, Flores was arrested for 148.3(a) PC (filing a false police report), and was booked in to jail on the charge. 00:00 00:00 spaceplay / pause qunload | stop ffullscreenshift + ←→slower / faster ↑↓volume mmute ←→seek  . seek to previous 12… 6 seek to 10%, 20% … 60% XColor SettingsAaAaAaAaTextBackgroundOpacity SettingsTextOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundSemi-TransparentOpaqueTransparentFont SettingsSize||TypeSerif MonospaceSerifSans Serif MonospaceSans SerifCasualCursiveSmallCapsResetSave SettingsSAN DIEGO (KUSI) – A toddler who went missing under “highly unusual” circumstances in Linda Vista Tuesday was found unharmed following an intensive five-hour search of the neighborhood just north of Mission Valley, a police lieutenant said.The exhaustive efforts to find 3-year-old Kevin Serrano began in the late morning and continued into the mid-afternoon, when the boy was “safely located,” according to San Diego police. It was not immediately clear where the errant tyke turned up.Officers scoured streets, yards and canyons around the Serrano family’s home in the 2500 block of Ulric Street on foot, aboard patrol motorcycles and from above in a police helicopter. Search teams with scenting dogs also took part.The child’s mother reported him missing about 10:15 a.m., telling officers she had left him alone in a room in their apartment for about five minutes and returned to find him gone.The woman “frantically” searched the grounds of the complex for about 10 minutes before making a 911 call, Lt. Christian Sharp told reporters.“(We) have the helicopter and about 30-plus officers and more officers arriving in to continue the search,” Sharp said at midday.The brown-haired, roughly 35-pound boy, who was wearing blue “Cookie Monster” pajamas at the time of his disappearance, had no history of wandering away from home, the lieutenant told news crews.The child’s mother told police the front door to their apartment was closed but unlocked when she left the room her son was in and remained so when she returned to find him gone.“So this is highly unusual, and that’s why we’re taking this extremely seriously,” Sharp said.Shortly after 3 p.m., police announced that Kevin had been found. The agency did not immediately provide details about how and where he had been located.last_img read more

Professor proposes theory of unparticle physics

first_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Howard Georgi, a physicist at Harvard University, has recently published a paper on so-called unparticle physics, which suggests the existence of “unparticle stuff” that cannot be accounted for by the standard model. Appearing in a recent edition of Physical Review Letters, the paper says that unparticle stuff would be very different than anything seen before. “If all of the stuff that is scale-invariant couples to all the stuff that isn’t in a way that gets weaker and weaker as the energy gets lower, then it could be that, at the energies we can probe today, we just don’t see the unparticle stuff at all,” Georgi explained. “There could be a scale-invariant world separate from our own that is hidden from us at low energies because its interactions with us are so weak.”These particle interactions would appear to have missing energy and momentum distributions. Georgi has calculated the peculiar distributions of missing energy for the decay of a top quark, which would signify the production of unparticle stuff. “The very confusing question of ‘What does unparticle suff look like?’ gets replaced by a simpler question: ‘How does unparticle stuff begin to show up as the energy of our experiments is increased?’” he said.He explained that a good way of understanding unparticle stuff is with neutrinos. Neutrinos have some properties in common with unparticle stuff. For example, neutrinos are nearly massless and therefore nearly scale invariant. They couple very weakly to ordinary matter at low energies, and the effect of the coupling increases as the energy increases. “Very often, in a scattering experiment, we can infer the existence of neutrinos by adding up the energy and momentum of the colliding particles and subtracting the energy and momentum of all the particles we can see to get the energy and momentum of the ‘missing’ (which just means that we don’t see them because they escape our detectors without interacting) neutrinos,” he said. “By doing the scattering many times, we can measure a probability distribution for the missing energy and momentum. And by looking at the distribution, we can tell whether there is one or two or more neutrinos missing in the particular process we are studying. “An interesting result of my analysis is that such a distribution for a process that produces unparticles looks like the distribution for a fractional number of massless particles,” he added. “This is weird, but it follows very simply from the scale invariance of the unparticles. It is the first glimmer of an answer to the question of how unparticles begin to show up.”Because the signatures of unparticle stuff would be very distinct, LHC experiments have the potential to verify the existence of unparticle stuff immediately. Georgi says that, in his opinion, unparticle stuff would be a more striking discovery than supersymmetry or extra dimensions, both of which point to just more new particles. Unparticle stuff, on the other hand, would be a different concept altogether. “I, and a number of other researchers, am now trying to push these ideas harder,” Georgi said. “Other weird properties of unparticles have already emerged. I expect more. It is great fun. Of course, it would be even greater fun if we actually saw stuff like this at the LHC. But even if we don’t, I believe that analyses like this are useful because they can shake us out of preconceptions that could cause us to miss important physics as the energy of our machines grows.”Citation: Georgi, Howard. “Unparticle Physics.” Physical Review Letters 98, 221601 (2007).Copyright 2007 All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of Explore further Georgi, a highly regarded physicist well-known for his pioneering work in areas including supersymmetry, quantum chromodynamics, and grand unified theories, explains that the low-energy physics of nontrivial scale-invariance cannot be described in terms of particles. In this initial investigation of the idea, he gives a quantitative scenario of the production of unparticle stuff, and predicts how it could be experimentally detected in the upcoming Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the most powerful particle accelerator that will open in early 2008.In scale-invariant theory—where objects don’t change when their dimensional qualities are multiplied by a rescaling parameter—the concept of particles doesn’t work because most particles have a definite nonzero mass. In quantum mechanics, this isn’t a problem because the standard model does not have scale-invariance. But Georgi suggests that there could be an undiscovered sector of the standard model that is exactly scale-invariant.“I have been having a lot of fun with this,” Georgi told “It is a phenomenon that has been understood mathematically for a long time, in the sense that we know of theories that have the peculiar property of scale-invariance. It is hard to describe this because it is so different from what we are used to. For us it makes a big difference whether we measure masses in grams or kilograms. But in a scale-invariant world, it makes no difference at all.”Georgi explains that photons, which are particles of light, have the property of scale invariance because they have zero mass. Multiplying all the photon energies by a factor of 1000 would make them look exactly the same. “Clever theorists (like Ken Wilson) showed long ago that there were crazier possibilities which do not involve particles with zero mass, but still have the property that energies can be multiplied by any factor to give a physically equivalent theory,” Georgi said. “[But] this is impossible if there are particles with any definite nonzero mass. That is why I called this ‘unparticle’ stuff.”This scale-invariant sector would interact very weakly with the rest of the standard model, making it possible to observe evidence for unparticle stuff, if it exists. The unparticle theory is a high-energy theory that contains both standard model fields and “Banks-Zaks” fields (which has scale-invariance at an infrared point). The two fields can interact through the interactions of ordinary particles under high enough machine energy or a low enough mass scale. center_img Citation: Professor proposes theory of unparticle physics (2007, June 11) retrieved 18 August 2019 from Unparticles may provide a new path to superconductivity Unparticles, but not particles, can fit in a theory that has the property of continuous scale-invariance, which is difficult to visualize. A fractal, like this Koch Curve, is an example of discrete scale-invariance because it looks the same if multiplied by a fixed number. Credit: Benoit Mandelbrot, Fractals.last_img read more